Picture Catalogue

Here you can find some short description of pictures we used for this site. If you have any  question  about any of them, e-mail it to us to info(a)kemet.hu, and we'll reply within few days.


I couldn't stand to put on some personal impressions of mine. Take them as a confess of an established fan of Egypt, and an offering to Horus, for going back there. Clicking on the links of the picture titles you can view the pictures on their largest size in a separate window.


(Wallpaper version)
The heretic pharaoh's statue with this special lighting effect puts emphasis to his extraordinary person. The 'Holy Madman' nearly broke the line of the New Kingdom with his religious reforms and endangered the mere existence of Egypt.
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Amenemhet III His statues with their hard, aggressive expression are typical examples of the royal portrayal of the Middle Kingdom.
Anubis Anubis in Horemheb's tomb. The jackal-headed, human shaped form with black skin is typical for the god of mummification.
Anubis at Deir-el-Bahri This Anubis relief can be found at Deir-el-Bahri, in the Anubis-chapel of Hatshepsut's mortuary temple, on the second terrace on the right. There is a beautiful offering table in front of him, which originally dedicated by Hatshepsut. The Queen's cartouches were carved out carefully in  Thutmosis III's order.
Photo: 1995 Born
Anubis of Tutankhamun 'Anubis who is on his hill'. This beautiful Anubis statue is the other typical representation, and an outstanding example of the Amarna Arts. Howard Carter found it in Tutankhamun's tomb, in 1922.
Graphics: 1999 Born
Aswan from the Aga Khan Mausoleum Down there you see the feluccas, carried the tourists from the other shore. The mooring place is a bazaar. One can hardly get ashore, tradesmen even goes aboard. Blurring, swarming life goes on, right under the Mausoleum...
Photo: 1995 Born
Apis-bull Nicely shaped Apis-bull from the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest. Presumably of Ptolemaic Ages.
© Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
Bagawat View The early Christian cemetery of Bagawat was built between the 3rd and 6th centuries AD, of mud bricks dried on the sun. This outstanding group of monuments preserved by the extremely dry conditions only. The city-like group of buildings is formed of burial chapels and few small churches. Inside the chapels are simple decorations of scenes of the Bible. The absence of tourist hordes helps to get the heart taking mood of them.
Photo: 1999 Born
Black Desert The name of the Black Desert comes from the colour of frittering Basalt on the surface. This picture has been taken by Bagawat, when we walked to Fort Mustafa Kashef. Maybe it is the black surface, why this land has an unwelcoming feel. Even the pebbles are rather sharp.
Photo: 1999 Born
Born in front of the Cheops Pyramid HoremWeb dressed for khamseen (desert sandstorm), in front of the Cheops Pyramid.
Photo: 1999 Born, with some "motherly" help
By Bus, in the Yellow Desert ESzAH says that 'THERE IS a road between the oases'. This picture proves it. This has been taken in time of a stop for 'duneing' - when we walked upon the dune to get acquaintance to the desert of sand (erg).
Photo: 1999 Born
Cairo View What the Acropolis for Athens, that is Citadel and Muhammad Ali Mosque (aka Alabaster Mosque) for Cairo. This picture was taken from the Citadel, beside the mosque. It shows countless faces of Cairo pretty well, and its special value, that the pyramids of Gizah (well, two of them) can be seen, from the other end of the metropolis.
Photo: 1999 Born
Cartouche of Rameses II Cartouche presenting royal names of 'The Great' Rameses II, from a column of the Great Hypostyle Hall of Karnak Temple, Thebes (Luxor). The Hypostyle Hall was build by Rameses The Great, 19th dynasty, 13th century BC. This picture is one of our favourites.
Photo: 1999 ESzAH
Cat Statuette
(Goddess Bastet)
The cult of the cat-goddess Bastet became popular by the time of Middle Kingdom and reached its high time during the Third Intermediate Period.
This bronze cat statuette belongs to the Saite Dynasty. It had inlaid golden scarab on its forehead and golden earrings. The statuette was bought by a Hungarian collector in the first half of 19th century. It is one of the finest masterpieces of Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest.
(C) Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
(C) Background graphics by Born
Ceiling of the Hypostyle Hall in Horus Temple of Edfu The Horus Temple of Edfu is one of the fine examples of propaganda buildings ordered by the Ptolemaic kings. The hint is, that these Greek kings had to achieve their popularity - Egyptians were proud and disliked the Greek, as even Strabo stated in Geographica.
Interesting to see the column head decorations, which is typical for Ptolemaic style. This Ptolemaic style is the easiest to spot. The other styles have only slight differences because of the strict order of traditions.
Photo: 1999 ESzAH
The Cephren Pyramid from the Valley Temple A long, nearly quarter mile road leads from the temple to the pyramid, just in the centerline of the picture. In this Valley Temple, Mariette found the famous diorite statue known as 'Cephren with Horus'. The Valley Temple was build in the 25th century BC, on demand of Cephren (4th dynasty).
Photo: 1999 ESzAH
Cephren with Horus Cephren's diorite statue representing him with the protecting Horus, has been discovered by Auguste Mariette in the valley temple of the pyramid. In the old times there were tewnty-four of this statue in the main hall of the valley temple. (4th dynasty, 25th century BC)
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Dawn on Gebel Musa (Mt. Sinai) On southern part of Sinai, beside Mt. St. Catherine, highest point of Egypt, there is Mt. Sinai, or Mt. Moses on its other name (Gebel Musa). It was the place where, according to the traditions, Moses got the Commandments. One can trek there from St. Catharine monastery. It is a place of marvellous dawns, but who vailants, have to count with the colds of the 6500 ft height. ESzAH was there by Easter time, and she needed the hot tea and the rentable blankets...
Photo: 1999 ESzAH
Deir el Bahri,
Hatshepsut's Mortuary Temple
Senenmut, who built this marvellous temple for Hatshepsut, arranged the old Egyptian traditions to the surrounding place in a unique way. The decorations are equally outstanding, and containing scenes of the Punt Expedition.
Photo: 1999 Born
Deir el Bahri, Hatshepsut's Mortuary Temple from the first terrace This is the view from the first terrace, what we can call the perystyle yard of the temple. Comparing to older photographs one can spot the results of the restoring works of the Polish experts. The top level is still closed because of these works.
Photo: 1999 Born
Divine group Company of Isis, Nephtys, Osiris, Horus and Thot.
Djoser This painted limestone statue is Djoser's mortuary statue from the serdab of the Step Pyramid.
(C) Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Domed Tomb in Bagawat One burial chapel of the several, where one can distinguish the specialities of the Bagawat tombs. Under the dome, in a well-like cache rest several people. Due to natronize effect of the desert climate, spontaneously mummificated residues were find. The guards are happy to introduce some, for a small baksheesh.
Photo: 1999 ESzAH
Entry ticket Ticket for the Hathor Temple of Dendarah
ESzAH ESzAH, hiding to the shadows at Medinet Habu, in front of Rameses III's temple. The turban is a new arrangement, just after the salads - but you can read about them in the Getting Started section... ;-)
Photo: 1999 ESzAH & Born
Exodus - still shots from the motion picture 'Prince of Egypt'

- royal family
- hard work
- memento

The beautiful and stylish stills and scenes of this motion picture recalls that period when Moses led out his people from Egypt. The creators of this film voted 'Seti I - Rameses II' on the dating debate.
This film of fair approach has the virtue of lyric beauty of its pictures, that's why we selected the DreamWorks' artists' masterpiece to illustrate the Exodus theme.
© Dream Works
Exodus - still shot from the motion picture 'Ten Commandments' 'Ten Commandments' also presents the main theme of Exodus, with artists like Charlton Heston as Moses and Yul Brynner as Rameses II. ESzAH has her points against the Rameses II presentation of this film, but... Rameses is Rameses, and Yul Brynner's act is made for it.
© Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Fort Mustafa Kashef Fort Mustafa Kashef is a ten minutes walk from Bagawat. This once was, at least three-storey building of dried mud bricks was a heremite monastery in the early 5th century AD, predecessor of monks' monasteries. Later it was reconstructed to serve as a fortress. It's name comes from the tax-gatherer Mustafa Kashef's - at last, the name means it.
Photo: 1999 ESzAH & Born
Geese of Meidum Marvellous wall painting, from Prince Nofermaat's tomb in Meidum (3rd dynasty)
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Hamman Pharaon 'Bath of the Pharaoh' in Arabic tongue... It has a reason. The mud of sulphurous thermal waters was taken to Thebes, to cure the pharaoh's aching joints. One can consider Hamman Pharaon to be in line with Thebes, but on the other side of Red Sea, on the shores of Sinai.
There is a high cliff on the seaside, and at the bottom there's a cave of sulphurous smells, yawning at the bright sunshine. From under the rocks, unseen, burning hot waters of thermal springs break up, forming creeks with width of a large step flowing to the sea. Where hot water meets cold sea and mixes, one can have a pleasant 'temperated bath' - the lover you crawl, the colder is the water; the higher you sneak, the warmer it gets. :-) Thereward bound you should take about five pint of sweet water on you, because the strand have no features, and you would wash away the salt and the smells of sulphurous waters and mud - not to mention the sand!
Photo: 1999 Born
Haroeris, the Winged Sun The Sun, protectingly spread its wings on the top part of our pages, is from an etching of Dendarah by David Roberts ('The Painter of the Nile'). This is Haroeris, "The Powerful Horus" featured often over the entrance of buildings, protecting that and those who enter.
Etching: David Roberts, graphic: 1999 Born
Hathor cow feeds the pharaoh Hathor in a shape of a cow feeds the pharaoh with her milk to strengthen him before his hard journey to the Underworld. The scene is of the Book of the Dead. This relief is at Deir-el-Bahri, by the Hathor chapel of Hatshepsut's mortuary temple.
Photo: 1999 Born
Hathor-headed columns of Deir-el-Bahri Hathor-headed columns of the Hathor chapel at Deir-el-Bahri. Hathor got high respect even from the predynastic ages, and her representations were in fashion as decorative elements, too. The Hathor-head on the columns top part came to its high time with the New Kingdom.
Photo: 1999 Born
Hathor and Rameses III On this scene on a column of the Ramesseum we can see Rameses III presenting sacrifice in front of Hathor. The goddess appears as a beautiful woman (even by our standards) wearing a crown of cow horns and sun disk. On the lower part the scene appears again, but here Isis is the goddess who gets the offering. It is easy to spot the similar and the different attributes of the two deities. Especially in the later periods their attributes mixed up, sometimes Hathor was identified as Isis, their roles fused. One reason for this came from the clerical struggle to redefine and systemize the religion.
Photo: 1999 Born
Hathor Temple of Dendarah The Hathor temple of Dendarah is one of the finest example of Ptolemaic architecture. Its current state is very good, too. It's column heads and relieves were badly damaged because the Islamaic religion forbids the human representation.
Photo and graphics: 1999 Born
Hatshepsut Maatkara The greatest Queen of Egypt often represented in male vests and false beard to certify her right and power to the throne. After she's died her successor Thutmosis III ordered her statues to be broken into pieces. Even this statue is a victim of the struggle of 'Napoleon of Ancient Ages' to wipe even her memory out from the history. The statue stood in front of a column at a terrace of the Deir-el-Bahri temple and showed Hatshepsut as Osiris.
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Hatshepsut's seated statue Only few statues of Hatshepsut remained because the furious campaign oredered by Thutmosis III to erase his aunt off the history. Thanks to Amun, it didn't succeed. This one shows the young Queen in full of her beauty, and represents the Thutmoside art in its best.
Hibis Temple by Sunset The Hibis Temple is near to Kharga town, close to Bagawat. This small temple was build on demand of Darius I, King of Persia, in the 5th century BC (27th dynasty). This small temple is another example of propaganda buildings: even Persians tried to show of acceptance of Egyptian religion and traditions, legitimize their rule. The sunset gives interesting and surreal mood to this temple, of which sanctuary was just reconstructing. Behind it you can see the akhet - read the corresponding topic to learn more about it.
Photo: 1999 Born
Hor-Auibre's ka-soul King Hor-Auibre is one of the hazy figures of the Second Intermediate Period. His tomb was discovered under Amenemhet III's pyramid at Dahsur which called Black Pyramid. This wooden statue is from the tomb, too. By the funerary manners we can assume him to be a local ruler of the 13th dynasty who tried to take advance of the great predecessor.
The wooden statue is common in the Second Intermediate Period. This one is fine example of the arts of that rather obscure time. You can spot the signs of the ka - naked figure with upheld arms over the head, e.g. the ka hieroglyph.
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Horemheb's scribe statue Horemheb was Akhenaten's, later Tutankhamun's general, he followed Ay on the throne. This statue with its slight accent of Middle Kingdom is an interesting portrayal of the Amarna age. The general, portrayed as a scribe, has an anxious, thinking expression, which is not common in the other periods though represents the Amarna arts tendency to picture the reality and gives different light on Horemheb's actions. We can see the caring politician on the statue, who takes the responsibility for the country's good, not the fierce counter-reformer who will erase every trace of the religion of Aton.
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Horus and Nectanebo II This beautiful statue is an exact opposite of Cephren's famous statue, by deifying of the king. Just compare the proportions of the king and the god... By the time of this pharaoh who opposed to the Persians with minor success, the Horus cult rose. Nectanebo II started the construction of the beautiful temple of Horus in Edfu - to finish it was up to Ptolemies.
Horus and Seth holds sema tawy This sema tawy decorated with cartouche of Senwosret I has a delicate feature - it held by Horus and Seth, instead of Hapis. We could say, The Good and The Bad, yet Egyptians took it much gradient. Horus has his plays of dirty tricks, and Seth was not the ultimate evil. But they as a patronizing pair of the Two Countries, it was a serious protection.
Horus and Seti I This papyrus presents Horus and Seti I (father and predecessor of Rameses II The Great), as Horus assures the ruler, as fellow god, about his support on the underworld journey. This papyrus is a contemporary copy, but one of the bests. Thanks to Neferkare for sharing it!
Hurghada Hurghada is a city on the side of Red Sea, grown from the nothing. It has International Airport, but hasn't got any water. That is taken from hundred miles away by convoys of trucks. What is really important here, is the Red Sea. And it's incredibly blue. (Its name comes from the reddish colours of coral reefs - and ancient Egyptians called it Great Green... who copes with it?) Nearby there are several islands reefs - but the last one had been victimized by tourism. Divers have other things to discover, harder to be consumed: over sixty seven more significant shipwrecked vessels hide under the sea, and lots of smaller ones. The desert divers have the bare islands and rubberneck foulers like this one on the picture. But a pleasant sailing worths it!
Photo: 1999 Born
Kemet logo Kemet is the fertile soil and land of Egypt in the ancient Egyptian. Also this is the name of an Egyptology mag issued four times a year. And this is the name of ESzAH's web site, which features more professional materials. The graphics featuring the rotating ankh made for linking to that site.
Graphics: 1999 Born
Khnum-Khufu (Cheops) This small (3" high) ivory statue is the only portrait of the 'Great God' who marked the 'Golden Era' of the Old Kingdom.
Luxor Temple from the Sanctuary, in Night Light You can visit the Luxor Temple even by the evening, when it is gently and cool. The fact, that you can see the pylon between the colonnades, proves that Luxor Temple has its axle broken unusually. The greatest break is by the second pylon, and there are three others before the pronaos and the sanctuary. The Temple was build by Rameses II The Great (19th dynasty), in the 13th century BC.
Photo: 1999 Born
Measuring of the Heart The Measuring of the Heart is the Egyptian equivalent of the Final Judgement. The heart of the deceised had to measure less than the Feather of Maat, goddess of the Ultimate Truth. In this troublesome trial the dead had a helping hand because Anubis tinkered with the scales to ensure the appropriate result for a while, when Thot records it. On this picture the mummy of the dead represented under the scale on the right, crouching on the hieroglyph of 'nwb' e.g. gold. The heart is in its canopic jar. This scene from the Book of the Dead is of a hieratic papyrus from the age of the New Kingdom, maybe of early 19th dynasty.
Mycerynus with Hathor
and a local deity
This is the finest of the four masterpieces representing Menkawra with Hathor, and a local deity of a certain nome. These statues were found in 1908 at the Valley Temple at the Mycerynus' pyramid, by A. Reisner.
(C) Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Mereruka's Tomb Bas relief introducing playing youth, from Mereruka vizier's tomb, Saqqara (5th dynasty, presumably from 24th century BC.). One can consider as the display of moving and the strict rules of traditional abstractions are finely tuned. And it is easy to spot the 'curl of youth' on the figures. The nicely restored mastaba is a beautiful example of Saqqara tombs of Old Kingdom.
Photo: 1999 Born
Min on an etching by David Roberts On the David Roberts etching about the Great Hypostyle Hall of Karnak Min appears too. The all-time accurate Scot graphic artist made his mind to prefer alterations and missed one of Min's main characteristic feature...
Min accepts offerings from Senwosret I Kheperkare This relief makes obvious some determinating features of the god Min: the Amun-crown of the double feathers, the uphold arm like a forbiding sign, his whip (not seen but believe us: he does not touch it), and his phallus of the size of 1/6 of his height. What cannot be seen is his other arm and his usually blue skin.
© Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
Min statue from Coptos This predinastic fragment comes from Coptos, main cult place of Min. This proves that the worship of Min goes back to the early ages. The statue is of Nagada III period, around 3100 BC. There are ciselled inscriptions on his body, proven to be site names and settlements.
This statue is a good example of Min's classic pose: his right hand holds his erected phallus, his left hand closes tight to his body. Left arm is badly damaged, but one can make out the hand and its positure.
© Petrie Múzeum, London
Morning Lights on Gebel Musa (Mt. Sinai) Mt. Sinai (Mt. Moses - Gebel Musa) awards those, who climbs it before dawn, with phenomenal light show.
Photo: 1999
Mut Dawn Anything more to say? The pompousness of desert dawn comes through in its best way: the lights of rising sun plays on the leaves of the palm trees, the morning dew escapes forming small clouds whose floating close to the ground... If you visit the deserts, you have to expect its heart-grabbing feature. Those who involved, always wants to return!
Photo: 1999 Born
Noble Head Young noble man's brust from the time of 18th dynasty. This excellently detailed limestone portrait owned by the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts. The Egyptian exhibition of the museum has further beautiful and interesting pieces, worth to visit!
© Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest. Photo-graphics: 1999 Born
Offering for Apis This small pair of statues introduce an unnamed pharaoh as he offers sacrifice to the Apis bull. While the original black and white picture was rather low quality, even this colored version could not present the marks on the bull's body. A set of marks were to prove that the bull is Osiris' manifestation.
© British Museum, London
Old, Sand Covered Roads in the Yellow Desert The sand of the Yellow Desert, rolling continuously, takes back its properties as soon as possible. The less used roads quickly get captured by the sand, and disappear after few years. They try to keep on the traffic by building of new and new roads, yet successfully. However, the sand endangers not only the roads but settlements, oases, plantations, and even the electric lines and pylons cannot escape their destiny.
Photo: 1999 ESzAH & Born
On Road from the Yellow Desert to White Desert Within the Quattara depression there are higher and lower places. One of these outcrops borders the White Desert. When you look down from it, the malevolent but majestic sand sea: the Yellow Desert lays before your eyes. Its horizon disappears beyond the trembling of the mirage - it is horrible thought to hit it without vehicle. When we were there, we had nice weather of ninety Fahrenheit or so, but summertime the burning sunshine turns it to a heat-glowing hell!
Photo: 1999 Born
One Pound note This bank note is a unique, because it is clean and intact. These notes usually turn up in badly worn shape, since this is the most frequently wandering money. Worth to know, that Egyptian bank notes wear Arabic inscriptions on their front side and English on their back.
Photo-graphics: 1999 Born
Pepi I This statue made of bronze which extraordinary in the Old Kingdom
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Peristyle Hall in Luxor Temple by Night Light The peristyle hall of Luxor Temple presents several statues of different pharaohs of different times, including statues of the builder, Rameses II The Great. (One can consider their different ages by their different size.) The Temple was build in the 13th century BC, in time of the 19th dynasty.
Photo: 1999 Born
Phone Card In Egypt several telephone companies issue phone cards, whose can be used on the company's own phone sets. Not every public phone features international calls. You can make international calls of this kind of cards from the Telecommunication Centers, after some waiting in the row. The card presents the famous temple of Abu Simbel, just like the one pound note - and what a surprise! This is just that temple which consequently resists to be visited by Born. Up to know, rejected him twice.
Scan & graphics: 1999 Born
Psusennes I In 1939 at Tanis Pierre Montet found the intact tomb of Psusennes I, surrounded by tombs of several noblemen. The treasures of the tomb bear the comparison with Tutankhamun's. The Pharaoh lied in double coffin, the outer of silver, the inner of gold. The gold one is shown on the picture.
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Pyramids at Saqqara Djoser's Step Pyramid (back) and Userkaf's pyramid (front). The latter one is rather badly damaged because it was quarried for ages. Inside unique relieves (see here) decorated it but no texts were found.
Photo: 1999 Born
Rameses II (The Great)
as "The Younger Memnon"
Magnificent statue of Rameses II (The Great), radiating the divine qualities of the King. The Ramesside Smile dominates the face.
© British Museum, London
The Ramesside Smile
(first, second, third picture)
This three pictures feature one of the best statues of Rameses The Great. The statue is in the Luxor Temple, and it is a fine example of the Ramesside Smile. This mystic smile is rather rare ot be observed altough it was an etalon from time to time. From the Great Sphinx to the Mona Lisa, only the best artists of the greatest styles could feature this kind of expression, which is hard to describe but radiates intensively.
(Just a short remark without courteousness but by the voice of greatest honour - who smiled this way could easily have 167 children... - Born)
Ranoferef As king of the 5th dynasty, Ranoferef represents the descending period of the Old Kingdom. On this statue you can see the important differences comparing to the great king portrayals of the 4th dynasty. 
© Egyptian Museum
Ray of Light in Dendarah This beautiful shot is ESzAH's favourite: on a fine April morning, a ray of sunlight files through the window of the ceiling, and lights up the pronaos of Hathor Temple of Dendarah.This temple is one of finest examples of Ptolemaic buildings, and was built in the 3rd century BC, under the reign of several Ptolemaic kings.
Photo: 1999
Red Desert Rocks The rocks and cliffs of Red Desert are formed out of soft sandstone, which easily fritters. In this form it takes reddish colour, this gives the name of the desert. On the picture you can see this red dust right at the bottom of the rock.
Photo: 1999 Born
Rock Formation of White Desert It is a common scene in the White Desert with all these white stone 'mushrooms'. This wonderful 'moonscape' offers lots of interesting things like 'desert rose', a black stone wonder forming a flower, and 'hedgehog'. Plenty of white opals are scattered around on the surface (it is pity that not this is the valuable one). Another unique effect is that white lime formations keep literally cold even in the highest noon. However, you have to look onto them carefully, because they reflect the light rather strong.
Photo: 1999 ESzAH & Born
Rock Patterns in the Red Desert Other interesting feature of Red Desert is the layered structure of its rocks, which forms interesting patterns, breaking lines and shapes. It is usual to see there rocks in shape of camel, sphinx or any other things, but the fine beauty of patterns and colours are restored on this picture clearly.
Photo: 1999
Rocks of the White Desert Yes, these are the rocks of the White Desert, indeed. This corner of the desert is named by the white lime things. On the other hand, it is a type of gravel deserts, whose easily walkable and driveable hard surface is scattered with small and sharp pebbles. Its driveability proved by the tracks netted the surface in all directions. The traces remain for a long time. I found an improvised camp site with small fireplace and the corresponding wheel tracks and footprints. But the tin cans beside the fireplace were rusted through! On that extremely dry climate it takes some time.
Photo: 1999 Born
Sarcophagus Lid of King Tutankhamun This fine masterpiece of goldsmiths' and decorating art of New Kingdom can be visited in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo (this museum was found by Mariette). (18th dynasty, around 1327 BC)
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Senenmut's astronomical ceiling This astronomical ceiling is the most important decoration of Senenmut's secret tomb (TT-353) at Deir-el-Bahri. It dates the tomb exactly, within one day accuracy. This picture is reconstruction only.
Senenmut's praying statue Senenmut have several statues which not usual even for a vizier or another high official. This statue shows Senenmut praying. The cobra between his hands represents the god (goddess) who recieves the prayer. In this case it is probably Meretseger, "The Lady of the Valley" "Who Likes The Silence" and protected the burial sites of Thebes; or Wadget, Lady of Lower Egypt. Because Senenmut had more to do with Meretseger (just remember the mortuary temple, but he had 'private affairs' with the goddess), I prefer the first version. The Hathor-crown on the cobra's head can prove it, but other different marks still need some examination.
It is easy to spot the high spirited look and the unique personality. Senenmut's face is beaming with reverence and willing of knowledge. It is another fine masterpiece of the Thutmoside arts.
Senenmut's block statue The idea of the block statues is favoured in the New Kingdom, despite it's surprisingly modern look. The crunching, robed figure offers flat surfaces for texts generously. This block statue shows the Sandal Bearer alone, which is more appropriate representation of an official. The face of the statue was intentionally mutilated to make fail Senenmut on the afeterlife. Senenmut was a black spot for some people, starting with Thutmosis III...
Senenmut block statues with baby Princess Nofrure
(first and second)
These block statues are unique statues once again. It is rather unusual for a commoner, even if he bears high offices, to be represented with a royal baby. The pose as he holds his chin on the top of her head means "She is my child who is under my protection" and this idea feeds our suspicions, too.
(C) Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Senenmut and Nofrure
on two statues
(crouching and sitting)
These statues continue the previous line. This realistic representation ofa baby child is extremely rare in the Egyptian Arts. You can spot that Nofrure is only few months old on the first statue, and she is around 3 on the second one. She probably died between her year 6 or 10, but it is debated.
Senenmut's portrait There is an exceptionally vivid portrait of Senenmut on the astronomical ceiling of his secret tomb. This is a reproduction of that drawing. The outstanding elegance of the sketch proves the  unique drawing ability of the artist.
Senenmut's secret tomb This is the only  photograph I could get about Senenmut's secret tomb. The tomb is unfinished and unused. Some experts say Senenmut was buried to his 'public' tomb, TT-71 at Thebes, but others has the opinion that even that tomb was left unused.
Senwosret I Kheperkare An early Middle Kingdom statue, it holds hints of the arts of First Intermediate Period. In technical terms it is rather far away from the great artifacts of the Old Kingdom!
Senwosret II Khakeperre Senwosret's statue is the benchmark of the sculpture of the Middle Kingdom. It shows hard, gloomy agressivity, yet presents an interesting and charismatic ruler.
Symbol of the Union
The Sema-tawy is symbol of the Union, the power over the Two Lands. To form and hold this union together - this was the main plot and desire for all pharaohs, and feature of the greatest ones. The sema-tawy represents papyrus and lotus bound together by two Hapis. This one is from the Great Temple of Abu Simbel, built by Rameses II. over the symbol there is a nice cartouche of interesting style, featuring the names of Rameses The Great.
© Centre de Documentation sur l'Égypte Ancienne
Spa in Mut In Mut, the main town of Dakhla oasis, there is this pleasant spa, worth to visit. Here the thermal water is rich in iodide and eases the weariness of deserts, and drastically decrease the amount of sand accumulated on the wanderers' bodies. And last, but not least, it cures a row of health problems. A perfect evening program!
Photo: 1999 Born
Spinning Ankh There's not too much to write about it... Ankh is the symbol of life, the "key of life". It has nothing to do with the Coptic cross, despite that Copts considered the similarities between the symbolism of both, and used the ankh widely.
Graphics: 1999 Born
Step Pyramid of Saqqara Djoser's Step Pyramid at Saqqara was the first pyramid. The idea came from the mastabas by putting several building of this kind on the top of each other. The architect was Imhotep who was deified lately.
Photo: 1999 Born
Thot and Seti I On this papyrus Seti I is assured by Thot (Djehuti) about his protection - as college to college.  The papyrus is contemporary copy of rare fine quality.
Thanks to Neferkare for sharing it with us!
Thutmosis III This basalt statue of Thutmosis III shows the main characters of Thutmoside arts, yet tells a lot about the King himself. The perfect  finish of this extremely hard stone proves again the outstanding qualities of Egyptian sculpture.
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Thutmosis III offers fragrances This statue has softer features and more inspired face. The ruler holds offering pots and sacrifice fragrances to a god. I can imagine that this satue made for Hatshepsut, and usurped later by Thutmosis III.
© Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Ti's Mortuary Statue The famous mastaba of Ti vizier is located at Saqqara, near Djoser's step pyramid, and the rest house called Mariette House - it worth a walk. ESzAH tried it, and has been catched by the beauty, the silence and power of desert - you'd read about it, if her Diary gets to her home page (coming soon).
Photo: 1999 ESzAH & Born
Typical Desert Landscape This picture has been taken somewhere in the Red Desert, just before we reached to Dakhla. This kind of landscape is rather common in the gravel deserts. The surface is formed by the wind and the dilatation only. Humidity appears as small traces of morning dew only.
Photo: 1999 Born
Userkaf's portrait The satue of the first ruler of the fifth dynasty shows the first signs of decline in the arts of the Old Kingdom. The finish of this large scale statue cannot represent the deliberate style of Mycerinus' and Cephren's, yet flashes the main characteristics of the Old Kingdom. The pharaoh needs all to receive the watcher's goodwill. Userkaf was the one who broke the tradition to build a pyramid upon the Gizah plateau. His small one is right beside the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara, badly ruined. One can hardly recognize the pyramid seeing this hill of debris, but the relieves are nice inside.
Userkaf's birds Userkaf's pyramid had colored relieves representing even the nature as a new item. We have only this part of bird life to show. (5th dynasty)

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